Citation Help

The research papers you write for classes at the Yeshivah of Flatbush Joel Braverman High School require proper citations and bibliographies, according to the sepcifications of each individual teacher. The preferred format is based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Below are some basic examples of biblography and footnote / endnote entries for both print and electronic sources.

Footnotes and Endnotes
Individual teachers will inform you regarding their preferred citation method

Abbreviates citations entered at the bottom of each page of your research paper that show your information sources for every quote, phrase, etc.

Abbreviated citations enered at the end of your research paper, starting a new page before the bibliography titled Notes, that show your source citations.
* Note: Microsoft Word and other word processing programs offer automatic endnote/footnote creation options through the "insert" tab features.

Format: Citation # First Name Last Name, Title of work (City: Publisher, Date) page #.
Example:1Walter Isaacson, Benjamin Franklin: An American Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003) 135

Bibliography Citation Formats:

*Citation information can be found on the book's title page front and reverse

Books with one author
Format: Author's Last Name, First Name. Book Title. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication.
Example: Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: HarperCollins, 1946.

Books with 2 or more authors
Friel, John C. and Linda D. Friel. The 7 Worst Things Good Parents Do. New York: Fall River Press, 2007.

Newspapers, Magazines & Journals (print)

Newspaper articles
Format: Author Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Newspaper Title Date = day/mo/yr, edition: section-page #
Example: Elliott, Stuart and Bill Carter. "In Slump, Networks Scramble Lineups." New York Times 18 May 2009, late ed.: B1+

Magazine articles
Format: Author's Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Magazine Title Publication date = wk/mo/yr: Pages cited.
Two examples: 1) Samuels, David. "The Year of the Elephant." The New Republic 20 May 2009: 19-25.
2) Coy, Peter. "What Good Are Economists Anyway?" BusinessWeek 27 Apr. 2009: 26-31.

Scholarly Journal Articles

Format: Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume #.Issue # (Year): Page #.
Example:Canada, Daniel L. "The Known Mix: A Taste of Variation." Mathematics Teacher 102.4 (2008): 286-291.

Electronic Resources

Online Newspaper articles
Format: Author's Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Newspaper Title Date = day/mo/yr. Date accessed <URL>
Example: Stuart and Bill Carter. "In Slump, Networks Scramble Lineups." New York Times 18 May 2009. 20 May 2009 <>

Online Database Journal & Magazine articles
Last Name, First. "Article Title." Journal Title vol#.issue# (year): page #s. Database Title. Database Producer. Date accessed = day/mo/yr <URL>
Example: Cascio, Jamais. "Last-Resort Solutions to Global Warming." The Futurist 43.3 (2009): 8-9. Platinum Periodicals. ProQuest. 18 May 2009 <

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